PATTACHITRA – Forefather of Indian Cinematography.

PATTACHITRA – Forefather of Indian Cinematography.

Pattachitra was a dying art by the early 50s of the last century .The kings no more patronized the artists and the public did not buy the paintings any longer. It was an American lady called Halina Zealy who resuscitated and revived the art .Today village Naya Gram,Pingla of Mediniore has become a model art village. This village has traditionally been entrusted to male patta paintings of Lord Krishna, Goddess Durga and birds and Animals to complement the “pater Gaan’ or the song narrating the mythological Story of Gods and Goddessy.

The chitrakars take their art with seriousness and they maintain strict regimen in their life style. Earlier, it was only the male chitrakaras who used to paint .But today, others have also adopted the art and womenfolk have carved a niche for themselves.

These paintings are based on Hindu mythology and specially inspired by Krishna,Radha and Vaishnava cult.All colours used in the Paintings are natural and paintings are made fully old traditional way by Chitrakaras . Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Bengal and Odisha. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture.The chitrakars also paint the temple walls, the temple walls, the chariots and in their free time paint scrolls and sells to the public. The paintings they do are famous as ‘pattachitra’.

Pattachitras of Bengal are unique and known for their exquisite artistry. These are different from the patuas of Orissa;miniature paintings o f Rajasthan, folk paintings of Madhubani and the narrative paintings of Kalamkari.

The paintings of Bengal are still linked to the Gods and Goddess from temples and have ritual significance

Though Naya Gram Village on the bank of river Rupnarayan about 112 kilometers from Kolkata is considered Bengla’s art land and Nandakumar are also art village that produce numerous pata painting for commercial purpose

.Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction.The traditions of pattachitra paintings are more than thousand years old.